Sinar Gash Royal Tour

 Sinar Gash Royal Tour

Day 1: arrival in Tehran and the start of the tour

Upon your early morning arrival in Tehran airport, you will be cordially received by our representative carrying our logo who accompanies you to your hotel where you can take rest and you have time to take rest and get ready for tomorrow morning tour.


Your tour begins with archaeological museum which is designed in the 20 century by the great French Andre Godar. In this museum you will find marvelous collections of artefacts from ancient Iran, including the pottery, ceramics and etc…mostly from Persepolis and Susa.
Then you will head to National Jewel museum in which you will visit the Priceless diamond Daryaye Noor. Lunch will be taken in an Iranian Traditional restaurant, where you shall sample a wide range of delightful Persian dishes and desserts.
Afterwards, you will visit Golestan Garden which is made of several grand buildings set around a lovely garden. Seven of these are open to the public. Although there was a Safavid citadel on this site, but it became the palace of Karim Khaan Zand , the founder of Zand dynasty in late 18th century and later on, The Qajar rulers in 19th century.

National Museum ,Tehran, Iran

 

Day 2: Tehran

The morning tour starts with Sa`dabad garden which has been in Pahlavid dynasty which contains 18 palaces, you can see some of these depending on the time and the preference of your tour guide. After this  It is time to visit ceramic museum with impressive glass wares, potteries and seven coloured tiles The morning tour starts with Sa`dabad garden which has been in Pahlavid dynasty which contains 18 palaces, you can see some of them depends on the time and the preference of your tour guide.

 

Day 3: Drive to Qazvin (130 km)

Today starts with an morning to drive to Qazvin which is about 130 km west Tehran. The foundation of this city dates from the Sassanid era (3rd century ), in the time of Shahpour the 1st. This city was once the capital of Iran in 16th century (Safavid era). Today you will visit the jaame mosque, Aliqapou palace, and the bazaar.

 

Imamzadeh Hossein ,Qazvin ,Iran

 

Day 4: Drive to Alamout castle

 

After an early breakfast you will head to Alamout (assassins) castle which is 120 km from Qazvin. The road is narrow and mountainous and the approximate traveling is 2~2.5 hours.

Qazvin. Alamout castle

Day5: Drive to Masouleh (223km)

Masouleh is in Gilan province, North Iran Which is at least a millennium old, it is step like and earthy coloured. The houses rise so syeeply that the roof of one forms the pathway for the next. You can explore this wonderful and beautiful village and its tiny bazaar. You stay in the Hotel overnight.

Day6: Drive to Sarein (300 km)

 

Today you will drive to Sarein via Astara and you will also drive along the Caspian Sea in north Iran. Sara`eyn is a small town in North West Iran which is so famous for its hot spring resorts and the Alvares ski-slope. Tonight you stay in Sarein.

Day 7: Drive to Ardabil

 

You will drive to Ardabil which is 25 km. The city tour start right after arriving in Ardabil. This city was the capital of the Sajid dynasty Azerbaijan from 871 to 929 AD and saw independence as a Khanate in 18th century. The tour starts with Sheikh Safi- od Din Mausoleum, Archaeology museum and Mongol Ilkhanid congregational (jaame) mosque. You stay in Ardabil tonight.

Day 8: Drive to Kaleibar

Today we drive 226 km from Ardebil to kaleibar. The county Kaleibar is noted for the Arasbaran forests protected area and the Bazz Galasi, the fortress of Babak Khorramdin. Babak Tower (Ghale-eh Babak) is where Babak-e Khorramdin lived. It is 3200 m above sea level. The landscape is fantastic.
Bābak Khorram-Din was one of the main Persian revolutionary leaders of the Iranian of the Khorram-Dinān. He was the leader of a local freedom movement fighting the Abbasid Caliphate. The Khorramdin rebellion of Babak spread to the Western and Central parts of Iran and lasted more than twenty years before it was defeated. To access the castle you have two options: you can leave the car in an entertainment area near the town and climb up towards the castle through dense forests or drive to the point the road extends, leave the car there and have an hour trek to the castle.
stay overnight in Kaleibar.

Day 9: Drive to Tabriz via Jolfa(140km)

 

Today’s excursion includes the historical border city of Julfa which is located near the Aras River and the fascinating forests of Arasbaran. Julfa is the stronghold of the Armenian Christians who possess a rich and unique culture of their own. We will visit the ancient churches there. The St. Stepanos Monastery (Maghartavank) is an Armenian monastery about 15 km northwest of Jolfa city, East Azarbaijan Province northeast Iran. It is situated in a deep canyon along the Aras River on the Iranian side of the border between Azerbaijan and Iran. It was built in the 9th century and was rebuilt in the Safavid era after several earthquakes damaged it. Julfa also has a beautiful waterfall. Then we will drive 140 km to Tabriz. Stay overnight in Tabriz.

IL Goli Building ,Tabriz ,Iran

Day 10: Visiting Tabriz

 

Azerbaijan is home to one of the most cultured and bravest races in Iran, the Azaris. You will be impressed by the depth and richness of Azeri culture, language, music, dance and literature.Visitors enjoy the sightseeing here such as the former Shah Goli or the present Eil Goli (the Shah's pool) which is the name of a large park in Tabriz. It seems probable that it was originally used as a water resource for agricultural purposes. It was used as a summer palace during the Qadjar dynasty (when Tabriz was the official residence of Prince of Iran). Then we will visit the exotic bazaar which is one of the oldest bazaars of the Middle East and the largest covered traditional bazaar in the world. It was inscribed as World Heritage Site by UNESCO in July 2010. The next place to visit is Kabood Mosques Remains of a Great Mosque Kabood or Jahanshah Mosque is one of the works by Abul Mozaffar Jahanshah bin Qara Yousef, a member of Qaraqoyounlu tribe, in Tabriz. It was completed in 870 CE after the supervision of Jahanshah’s wife, Jan Beigum Khatoon.

Day 11: driving 298 km to Takab

 

We’ll drive 298 km to Takab, on the way we will visit Kandowan village where the people are still living in man man made caves.
In the evening step into the archaeological site of Takht-e Soleyman, in north-western Iran, situated in a valley set in a volcanic mountain region. The site includes the principal Zoroastrian sanctuary partly rebuilt in the Ilkhanid (Mongol) period (13th century) as well as a temple of the Sasanian period (6th and 7th centuries) dedicated to Anahita. The site has important symbolic significance. The designs of the fire temple, the palace and the general layout have strongly influenced the development of Islamic architecture. Stay overnight in Takab.

Day 12: Drive to Hamedan (250 km)

 

Hamedan province is one of the most ancient parts of Iran and its civilization. Relics of this area confirm this fact. Today's Hamedan is what is left of Ecbatana, TheMedes' capital before they formed a union with the Persians. The poet Ferdowsisays that Ecbatana was built by King Jamshid.
According to historical records, there was once a castle in this city by the name of Haft Hessar (Seven Walls) which had a thousand rooms and its grandeur equalled that of the Babylon Tower.
The structures of city are related to Diya Aku, a King of the Medes from 700 BC. According to Greek records, this territory was called 'Ekbatan' and 'Hegmataneh' by this King, thus transformed into a huge capital.
During the Parthian era, Ctesiphon became capital of Persia, and Hamedan became the summer capital and residence of the Parthian rulers. After the Parthians, theSassanids constructed their summer palaces in Hamedan as well.
In the year 633 when the war of Nahavand took place and Hamedan came into the hands of the invading Arabs, at times it thrived and at times it declined and witnessed hardships. During the Buwayhids, it suffered plenty of damages. In the 11th century, the Seljuks shifted their capital from Baghdad to Hamedan once again.
The city of Hamaden was always at risk during the rise and fall of powers. It was completely destroyed during the Timurid invasion. But during the Safavid era the city thrived once more. In the 18th century, Hamedan surrendered to the Ottomans, but Hamedan was retaken by Nader Shah Afshari, and under the peace treaty between Iran and the Ottomans it was returned to Iran.

Hamedan. Tomb of Abo Ali Sina.

The city of Hamedan lay on the Silk Road and even in recent centuries enjoyed good prospects in commerce and trade being on the main road network in the western region of Iran.
According to local Jewish traditions, the City of Hamedan is mentioned in the Bible, as the capital of Ancient Persia in the days of King Ahasuerus in the Book of Esther. It was then known as Shushan. The Tombs of Mordecai and Esther are located in modern-day Hamedan. You get there by noon and after lunch you can start sight seeing in the afternoon, such as, Hegmatane Archeological Palace is located in Hamadan, dating to the 6th century BC. Said structure is from the times of the Medes. Kiyakesar Madi and Nabopolasar Baboli were responsible for its construction in the year 614 BC.
The next fascinating step will be Alavid Dome which is a four-sided interesting 12th century mausoleum belonging to the late Seljuk period.
Baba taher tomb which is located in a park, surrounded by flowers and winding paths. Baba Taher is known as one of the most revered and respectable early poets in Iranian literature. He was known by the name of Baba Taher-e Oryan (The Naked), which suggests that he may have been a wandering dervish. His poetry has touched many souls.

Day 13: Hamedan

 

Today the 1st stop is Avicenna tomb, Avicenna was a Persian polymath who is regarded as one of the most significant thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age. Of the 450 works he is known to have written, around 240 have survived, including 150 on philosophy and 40 on medicine.

Afterwards you drive to Alisadr Cave. Alisadr is the world's biggest water cave, where you sit in a boat and visit the cave. This cave is located at 48°18'E 35°18'N, in the southern part of Ali Sadr village. The cave is entered at the side of a hill called Sari Ghiyeh which also includes two other caves called Sarab and Soubashi, each 7 and 11 kilometers from Ali Sadr Cave. Apparently, the water in Ali Sadr cave stems from a spring in Sarab.
In the summer of 2001, a German/British expedition surveyed the cave, finding to be 11 kilometers long.The main chamber of the cave is 100 meters by 50 meters and 40 meters high.
The cave walls can extend up to 40 meters high, and it contains several large, deeplakes. The cave has a river flowing through it and most travel through the cave system is done by boat. More than 11 kilometers of the cave's water canals have been discovered so far. Some routes are 10 to 11 kilometers long and all lead to "The Island", a centrally located large atrium. After luch you drive back to Hamedan to visit the inscriptions of Darius the Great and his son Xerxes on Alvand Mountain.

Hamedan. Tomb of Baba Taher-e Oryan

Day 14: Drive to Kermanshah (189 km)

 

Kermanshah province has a rich Palaeolithic heritage. Many caves with Palaeolithic remains have been surveyed or excavated there. Some of these cave sites are located in Bisotun and north of Kermanshah. The first known physical remains of Neanderthal man in Iran was discovered in Bisotun Cave.
The monuments found in Kermanshah show two glorious periods, the Achaemenid and Sassanid eras. The mythical ruler of the Pishdadian is described as founding the city while Tahmores Divband built it. An alternative narrative is that the construction was by Bahram IV of the Sassanid dynasty during the 4th century CE. Kermanshah reached a peak during the reign of Hormizd IV and Khosrau I of Sassanids, before being demoted to a secondary royal residence.
The city suffered major damage during the Arab invasions but recovered in the Safavid period to make great progress. Concurrent with the Afghan attack and the fall of Isfahan, Kermanshah was almost completely destroyed by the Ottoman invasion.
On the way you will visit Anahita Temple built by an Achaemenian era, 404 BC to 359 BC. This temple was built in honour of 'Ardevisur Anahita', the female guardian angel of the waters. Architecture of this temple coincides with palaces and temples built during the Achaemenian period, 550 BC to 330 BC, in western Iran. From Kermanshah the road runs along the bottom of a fine velvety fawn colored cliff.
Bisotun clusters around a source nearby a vertical rock wall. The carvings at Bisotun are set high in the rock facing onto an important trade route for all travellers to see. The site is 30km to Kermanshah and the last one is Taaghe Bostan Which has a colletion of Sassanid bass reliefs. Stay overnight in Kermanshah.

Day 15: Drive to Susa (Shush) via Khoramabad

 

Khoram Abad lies in the mountainous area of Zagros, and this region enjoys a temperate climate, whereas in the south on the plains of Khuzestan it is hot. The territory of Khoram Abad has a rich historical back ground and has seen the rise of many civilizations such as the Kasi, Babolian, Elamite, Sassanid, Saljuqi, Kharazmshahi and ... remains from these periods are evident in the area, such as ancient and historical castels used to safeguard the rulers against attacks. One of these castels is Falak-ol-Aflak which is one of the most impressive castles in Iran. It is situated on the top of a large hill with the same name as one within the city of Khorramabad, the regional capital of Lorestan province. This gigantic structure was built during the Sassanid era (226–651). Falak ol-Aflak Castle appears to have been built with a dehumidifier system which is one of the wonders of the ancient world.
At night we will at arrive Shush and transfer to Hotel Apadana (1* hotel), which is our only choice in the city.

Day16: Visit Susa, Shushtar and Choghazanbil

 

Susa is one of the oldest cities in the world. Excavations have uncovered evidence of continual habitation dating back to 4200 BCE. Susa was a principal city of the Elamite, Persian and Parthian empires (capital of the Elamites) and was originally known to the Elamites as 'Susan’ or 'Susun’. TheGreek name for the city was Sousa and the Hebrew, Shushan. The modern city of Shush, Iran, presently occupies the ancient site. The old city, is situated between the modern rivers Karkheh and Dez (the rivers Choaspes and Eulaeus mentioned in the Biblical Book of Daniel 8:2, where Daniel received his vision), which bring mud down from the Zagros Mountains making the area one of the most fertile in the region. It was the political centre of Elam early in the fourth millennium and there is a fortress, still extant, which dates back to this period.
The Assyrian king Ashurbanipal destroyed Susa completely between 645-640 BCE to avenge the perceived wrongs the people of Mesopotamia had suffered at the hands of the Elamites. The city was rebuilt and inhabited sometime after Ashurbanipal’s attack only to be conquered by the Persian king Cyrus the Great in 538 BCE. It was made the capital of the Persian Empire by Cambyses II and was expanded by the Persian king Darius the Great (549-486 BCE) who favoured it over his other residences.

Shushtar.

Shushtar is our next step, The name itself, Shushtar, is connected with the name of another ancient city, Susa, and means 'greater (or better) than Shush'. During the Sassanian era, it was an island city on the Karun River and selected to become the winter capital. Then, we will visit the charming Shushtar waterfalls and historical bridges.
Next, be enchanted by the exquisite beauty of the magnificent Chogha Zanbil temple. It is one of the few extant ziggurats outside Mesopotamia (the other is Sialk). Archaeological excavations undertaken between 1951 and 1962 revealed the site , and the ziggurat is considered to be the best preserved example in the world. In 1979, Choqa Zanbil became the first Iranian site to be inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Stay overnight in Ahvaz.

Day 17: Drive to Shiraz via Bishapoor

 

From Ahvaz to Shiraz It is 600km. On the way you will stop to visit Bishapour which is an ancient city situated south of modern Faliyan, on the ancient road between Persis and Elam. The road linked the Sassanid capitals Istakhr (very close to Persepolis) and Ctesiphon.
The next marvellous step will be Tang –e- Chogan which is a valley with a running river at north of the Ancient city of Bishapour. There are 6 giant rock carivings on walls telling the story of the Roman Empire defeat by Sassanid king, Shapour II (309 -379) and also king Bahram II (276–293) conquering Arabs and rebels. Stay overnight in Shiraz

Day 18: Shiraz



Shiraz is the city of sophistication and always has been celebrated as the heart land of Persian culture. In its heyday, the city was given to the epithet of Dar-Ol-Elm. (House of Learning) and became synonymous Education, Nightingales, poetry and roses. It was also one of the most important cities in the mediaeval Islamic world and it was also the Islamic capital of Iran in late 18 century, (Zand Dynasty)
In full city tour of Shiraz you will visit The Eram garden, NasirolMolk mosque, Zand complex that includes ( Karim Khan castle, Vakil bath house, Vakil mosque and Vakil bazar).

Day 19: Shiraz

 

Drive to Persepolis and Necropolis (60 km)
Persepolis, this magnificent site embodies the columns and imposing gate ways leave you in no doubt that this is the finest jewel in the empire’s crown greatest success of the ancient Achaemenid Empire. The monumental, staircases, exquisite reliefs immense.
In its heyday the city spread over an area of 125000 sq. meters and it was the spring capital of Iran where the representatives of the neighbouring states came over in Nowruz (21st of March) to visit and bring gifts for the Kings; at other times of the year it was probably deserted. In perseppolis there are seven palaces which are either private or public
Necropolis, (Naghshe-E-Rostam). The rock tombs are magnificent, hewn out of a cliff high above the ground, the four tombs are believed to be those of Achaemenid Kings, so the eight Sassanid bass reliefs carved in beneath the facades of Achaemenid tombs depict sense of imperial conquests and royal ceremonies.

Day 20: Drive to Yazd Via Pasargade (441 km)

 

Today you can visit The tomb of Cyrus the Great and his private and public palaces. After Pasargadae you will head to Abarkooh to visit The Mud-ice house and the second oldest Cyprus. Then drive to Yazd and stay overnight there.

Day 21: Yazd

 

 The Yazd is the oldest adobe city in the world with its mosques, the co- existing splendid fire temple and the ancient city is furnished with stunning which will astonish every single visitor.
Full day city tour of Yazd to visit the Towers of silence where Zoroastrians used to leave the dead bodies to be eaten by the vultures, Fire temple, Amir Chakhmagh complex and you will get a breath-taking perspective of the oldest adobe city. In the afternoon you will visit the old district of the city, Alexander`s prison and Dolat Abad garden. Stay overnight in Yazd.

Day 22: Drive to Esfahan

 

En-route to Esfahan you will stop in Meybod to visit the old post office, caravanserai and Safavid Mud-ice-house and Narin Castle. Then a short stop in Nain city to visit one of the oldest Jamee mosques of Iran. Drive to Esfahan. The afternoon is on your leisure.

Day 23: Esfahan

 

Esfahan is the capital of Islamic Iran and the jewel of ancient Iran. The exquisite blue mosaics of Esfahan`s buildings, Its great Bazar and gorgeous bridges demand as much as your time to spare. it`s a city to walk and getting lost in the bazar, dozing in beautiful gardens.
you will visit Imam sq (Naghsh-e jahansq) and the bazar.
Then, you will visit chehelsotoon palace (40 columned). This palace is another highlight of Esfahan which has been built in 17 century by the grace of Safavid Kings as governmental and ceremonial palace. You also visit Hasht Behesht(8 Paradise) Palace. Stay Overnight in Esfahan.

Isfahan. Chehelsotoon Palace.

Day 24: Esfahan

 

Today Today you will go to the old jaame mosque which is well-known as the bride of the mosques or the museum of art and architecture which deserves to be definitely a visit. Then you head to the wonderful Armenian Church (Vank). At the end you go to visit the shaking minarets of 17th century and the grave of Uncle Abdollah Garladani the famous scientist and cleric of 14th century. Stay overnight in Esfahan.

Day 25: Drive to Kashan

 

En route you will stop in the Unesco recognized village of Abyaneh, located at the foot of Karkas mountain and in the vicinity of dessert. Appreciate the serenity of this quaint village with its splendid archaeology and meet the villagers who speak, live and dress in original Persian style. Stay in Kashan.

Day 26: Kashan



Kashan and its surroundings have been home to human settlements since at least 4th millennium BCE. Some of the most impressive surviving architecture is from Qajar era, where the mansions of the rich and powerful persons, either merchants or citizens have been decorated with stucco, coloured glass and lofty wind towers. In full day city tour of Kashan, you will visit the Historical houses such as Boroojerdiha and Tabatabaee houses, Soltan Mir Ahmad bathhouse, fin garden, Seyalk hills and bazaar.

Day 27: Departure

 

En route you will stop in Qom, the 2nd religious city of Iran after Mashhad, where is home to both the magnificent Hazrat-e Masoomeh shrine and the hard-line clerics who have ruled the country since 1980, Then you will be transferred to the airport to leave Iran with fond memories.

 

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